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托福写作:我是怎样拿到写作满分的

发布时间 2017-09-23 10:31:59

如何高效的备考托福写作,以下是来自一位托福写作满分网友的经验分享,一起来看看吧。


由于我是在职,且大龄,所以一直没有特别整块的时间复习托福,3年前第一次考97,作文满分。虽然这个成绩不是很理想,但对于我个人来讲已经足够了。今年4月二次考托,成绩差不多,还是没有上100,但作文还是满分。在我一边上班,一边回家带孩子的压力下这个成绩,我还是很满意的,尤其是作文。所以,我想分享一些准备托福作文的经验给有需要的同学们,希望大家可以从中受到启发。

 

首先,我想说任何成绩的取得都必须有所付出,天上从来不会掉馅饼。尤其是在考试这个事情上,没有人可以替代你,付出和收获是成正比的。第二,我想说,其实对于我们每个人来讲,除非智商特别高那种,否则都会在复习考试的路上出现这样或那样的困难,比如努力复习还是成绩不理想,或者脑子总是不开窍等等。我想说这些都是很正常的,成功的路上绝对不是一帆风顺,肯定有坎坷,所以一定要树立坚持到底的信心。

每个考试都有自己的路数,都有自己的一套规律,我觉得只要掌握了这个规律,并抓住规律不放就可以事半功倍了。

 

托福作文的题目还是很广的,从学术到家常,从宏观到日常,不一而足。

我准备托福考试只用了《10天攻克托福作文》这本书,是慎小嶷写的。我在考雅思的时候上过他教的辅导课,教作文,当时雅思作文只得了6分,但是考托福看他的书,居然都是满分。这一本书我认为就足够了。其他资料也网上下载过,但是都没看。我几乎把这本书翻烂了,里面的单词,句子,语段都背了。尤其是单词和172个例句,我几乎可以默写了(这个有点夸张,但是真的有用)。强调这个是因为在实战的时候,时间紧,任务重,几乎没时间想,所以必须是在平时复习时就可以“倒背如流”,在考场上方可以运用自如。在背那些句子和单词的时候,还可以用自己的例子套句型造句,这样记忆更加牢固。对于书后面的段落,如果能背下来更好了,但是如果不能,也没关系,我认为那些东西的更重要的意义就是帮助你扩展思路。所以,强烈建议大家买一本那本推荐的书,然后就死啃那本,越熟悉越好,越牢固越好。

 

对于写什么是很多考生头疼的问题,我也觉得遇到一个自己不是很熟悉的题目真是很郁闷,有啥好写的啊,觉得很多题目特别无聊。不知道如何写那么多字。关于字数问题,我2次考试大作文都写了500多字,不知道这个和高分有没有关系,但是我真的很能写。

 

关于段落安排我主要是根据上述推荐书籍里找出23个适合我的开头段落模板,然后套上自己的语言。我很喜欢那种开头段45句话的模板,虽然有点罗嗦,但是托福作文本来就是展现语言能力的考试,把你平时知道的越高级的词写出来没什么不对的。我喜欢用让步式开头,一来字数多,二来可以展现你的逻辑能力。关于主体段,我一般喜欢写3段,前两段用来提出EVIDENCE EXAMPLE,后一段用来让步。这样做一来可以凑字数,二来可以充分证明,因为没有绝对正确和错误的作文题目,所以两方面来写比较有力一些。

当然,那种绝对一边倒的文章也是很好写的,如果你有足够多的理由当然可以写一边倒的结构。关于每段具体内容,一般来讲主体段的每一段的第一句都是表明观点的句子,都是KEY SENTENCE。接下来就要用例子或逻辑来证明你的观点。

比如有一道题目:Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Teachers now have more influence on their students than they were in the past. 这篇文章我采用的是一边倒的方式,同意这个观点。在开头段中,我是这样写的:In this present-day society, some people argue that teachers have more influence on their students than they were in the past. It seems justifiable since conventional school students have to spend six, seven or eight hours daily with their teachers in school. However, such belief has obviously ignored books, digital technology and peers, which are playing pivotal role on students currently. As a result, it is safe to conclude that teachers have less influence on their students than in the past.

先说背景,再假装同意,给些留理由,一个转折,给出自己的观点。个人认为这样的开头还是比较体现思辨性的。

再说三个主题段:每个段的开头第一句都是论点,然后是论证。

Undeniably, it has been widely recognized that books have been playing an essential role of kids. Encouraged by parents and teachers, students tend to read a wide range of books, such as science fiction, novels, detective stories and etc. In this case, those books will definitely have a deep and far-reaching impact on them mentally and psychologically. This point can be best illustrated with the case of me. When I was in my high school, I have been interested in literature. Therefore, I have read a huge amount of famous novels and ancient poems. Influenced by those books, I have made a determination to study Chinese in my college and dreamed of publishing my own novels one day. After years of arduous efforts, I finally fulfilled my goals.

 

Besides, thanks to the technological innovation, the digital technology, such as television, the Internet and the cell phone, has become more accessible to students that an increasing number of students have been addicted to them. For example, in American, it has been estimated that kids between the ages of 10 to 16 spend an average of six hours a day in front of a screen. Without appropriate censorship, the current TV programs are saturated with violent and pornographic contents. It is every likelihood that kids are susceptible to the side effects to them. Plus, the overwhelming amount of advertising on the TV, radio and the internet will easily sway the opinions on students who are too young to have autonomy and personal judgment.

 

More importantly, students have been easily influenced by their peers at present. Traditionally, the test-orientated educational philosophy rendered students concentrate their minds on studying alone. They seldom spend time hanging out with classmates and friends. However, things have changed considerably. Not only schools but also parents have put a premium on fostering the inter-personal skills of the kids. Thus, kids have been encouraged to participate into various kinds of activities with peers. Therefore, on the one hand, students have got acquainted with many new chums and gained valuable friendship. On the other hand, they have been deeply influenced by their friends. For example, recently, a lot of students are likely to purchase fancy clothes and accessories and this trend is not restricted with wealthy students but also evident among poorer students. It is the peer pressure that impels youngsters to follow suit.

论证的方式很多,最有效用的我个人认为是例证和逻辑论证。例证毋庸置疑就是用例子来论证,比较形象,比较贴切,可以源自日常生活,当然如果来自历史事件啊,名人轶事更好,如果知识面没涉及那么多,也无所谓,从个人的例子就可以了。逻辑论证,我认为很难,因为他需要对语言和知识的面都宽,但是如果论证好的话,会加分很多啊。可以看出,我的每段第一句的联系词也很重要哦。

结尾段,我没在结尾段下太大力气,我觉得如果可以达到善始善终最好,开头漂亮,结尾也漂亮,但是如果没有那个气力,结尾段就总结之前写的就可以了,不要太长,当然要完整,不能草草结尾就好。

In conclusion, with the rapid development of information technology, students could acquire knowledge and information from more diversified sources. They are, by no means, the solely listeners of their teachers. As a consequence, teachers have less influence on students than they were in the past.

以上的结尾段还是运用了一些慎小嶷书中的句型。所以,会背句型还不够,关键是必须运用在自己的写作中去。上述我贴出的文章一共519字。算比较长吧。

 

练习真的很重要,我在第一考托福之初写了20多篇大作文,这次复习写了40多篇,押题不是最重要的,最重要的是不断的运用,找到那种感觉。我的这40多篇文章每篇几乎都是500-530字,如果再长我怕到考试时写不完。当然不是写得越长越好,我觉得不提倡为了写而写,必须有意义的写。我只是想告诉大家作为一个展现英语语言能力的考试,作文写长一点没有什么不好的。

 

关于练习时间,我白天上班,有时候会抽中午午休的时候在电脑上默写那些句子,一个中午的狂敲,让同事都觉得很好奇在写什么,晚上带孩子之后,一般10点之后才能安静下来复习,周末有时也没时间复习,有时去单位比较清静的环境复习听力和阅读。

对于口语,我借助良好的写作能力总结了100多个段子,虽然最后口语成绩一般(也是因为一直没好好复习这块),但是写口语段子也是提高写作的方法啊。

 

总结一点,托福大作文没什么好怕,多背,多写,多练,锻炼自己在短时间内整理出写作大纲的能力,然后你会觉得自己简直就是下笔如有神啊。对于小作文,我两次碰到的题目都不难,在考试中只要听力的点记住了,都写进去了,模板的意义我个人认为不大。抓住思路最重要了。

 

优异的成绩是靠辛勤的汗水浇灌出的。这句话与大家共勉。希望大家可以借鉴我在托福写作复习上的经验帮助到更多的同学!



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